J Cancer 2020; 11(17):5187-5197. doi:10.7150/jca.41193

Research Paper

Prognostic values of m6A RNA methylation regulators in differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

Nizhen Xu*, Jian Chen, Gaofei He, Li Gao, Deguang Zhang

Department of Head and Neck surgery, Institute of Micro-Invasive Surgery of Zhejiang University, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 3 East Qingchun Road, Hangzhou 310016, P.R. China.
*First author.

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Xu N, Chen J, He G, Gao L, Zhang D. Prognostic values of m6A RNA methylation regulators in differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma. J Cancer 2020; 11(17):5187-5197. doi:10.7150/jca.41193. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v11p5187.htm

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N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent modification of RNA in mammals. m6A RNA methylation levels are dynamically regulated by m6A RNA methylation regulators. While increasing evidence has suggested that m6A RNA methylation is vital in the initiation and progression of human carcinoma, little is known about the expression and effect of m6A RNA methylation regulators in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Herein, we demonstrate that most of the thirteen main m6A RNA methylation regulators are differentially expressed in DTC tissues and normal thyroid tissues. Based on consensus clustering of m6A RNA methylation regulators, DTC cases were divided into two subgroups (TC1 and TC2). Compared with the TC1 subgroup, the TC2 subgroup was associated with a poorer prognosis, older age, higher T grade, higher N grade and higher TNM stage. The results indicated that alteration of m6A RNA methylation regulators was closely related to DTC. We further established a risk signature of four m6A RNA methylation regulators that could evaluate prognosis and clinicopathological features in DTC. Finally, the results of the TCGA analysis were verified by other cohorts from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. In conclusion, m6A RNA methylation regulators play a crucial part in the progression of DTC and are potentially useful for evaluating the prognosis and providing potential novel insights into treatment strategies.

Keywords: thyroid carcinoma, m6A, RNA modification, prognosis, TCGA