1. Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, Fujian, 362000, China.
2. Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350001, China.
Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of LncRNA PRKCA-AS1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD).
Methods: The expression of LncRNA PRKCA-AS1, miR-508-5p and S100A16, in LUAD tissues or cell lines (NCI-H520 and H1299) was analyzed with qRT-PCR. The clinical diagnostic value of LncRNA PRKCAAS1, miR-508-5p and S100A16 in LUAD were analyzed by receptor operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Then we knockdown or overexpression of PRKCAAS1 in NCI-H520 and H1299 cells, and the cell function test was applied to detect the activity and metastasis level of cells in different transfection groups. Then Pearson correlation analysis was used for the correlation between miR-508-5p and PRKCA-AS1. The dual-luciferase reporter experiment and CHIRP analysis was conducted to verify the target binding relationship of PRKCA-AS1, miR-508-5p or S100A16. FISH assay analyzed the colocalization of PRKCA-AS1 and miR-508-5p in NCI-H520 and H1299 cells. Rescue experiment and tumorigenesis experiment in nude mice further explore the regulatory mechanisms of LncRNA PRKCA-AS1, miR-508-5p and S100A16 on LUAD progression in vitro and in vivo.
Results: From the results, PRKCA-AS1 and S100A16 were up-regulated in LUAD tissues, while miR-508-5p was downregulated compared with the adjacent tissues. And gain-of-function revealed that PRKCA-AS1 knock-down apparently suppressed the cell proliferation and metastasis, whereas miR-508-5p inhibitors or S100A16 overexpression showed a opposite effect. In addition, there is evidence that PRKCA-AS1, miR-508-5p and S100A16 have a targeted regulatory relationship. Moreover, rescue experiment and tumorigenesis experiment in nude mice further confirmed that LncRNA PRKCA-AS1 regulates S100A16 through sponging miR-508-5p to regulate LUAD progression in vitro and in vivo.
Conclusion: These results demonstrated that LncRNA PRKCA-AS1 might regulate LUAD by acting as a ceRNA via sponging miR-508-5p and regulating S100A16 expression, indicating that manipulation of PRKCA-AS1 might be a potential therapeutic strategy in LUAD.
Keywords: lung adenocarcinoma, LncRNA PRKCA-AS1, miR-508-5p, S100A16, ceRNA