Department of General surgery, ShengJing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 Sanhao Street, Heping District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, China 110004.
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common gastrointestinal malignancy. Evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) influence mRNA expression to induce GC progression. We aim to investigate the function and regulatory mechanism of TP73-AS1 in GC.
Materials and methods: We detected TP73-AS1, miR-27b-3p, and TMED5 (Transmembrane P24 Trafficking Protein 5) by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Similarly, the protein levels of TMED5 and wnt/β-catenin were detected by western-blot. The colony formation and Cell-Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay detected cell proliferation. Transwell and scrape assay tested cell migration and invasion. Dual-luciferase reporter assays confirmed directed binding targets. Tumor xenograft in nude mice checked the result in vivo.
Results: TP73-AS1 over-expressed in GC. Suppressed TP73-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. However, down-regulated miR-27b-3p could reverse the effects of weakenTP73-AS1 on the progression of GC. Moreover, TMED5 was also up-regulated in GC. Both TP73-AS1 and TMED5 were the direct target of miR-27b-3p. Meanwhile, miR-27b-3p was a negative correlation with TP73-AS1 and TMED5. The TP73-AS1/miR-27b-3p/TMED5 axis regulate wnt/β-catenin pathway.
Conclusion: TP73-AS1 promoted GC proliferation, migration, and invasion by sponging miR-27b-3p to regulate TMED5. TP73-AS1 was a potential onco-lncRNA in GC.
Keywords: Gastric cancer, TP73-AS1, miR-27b-3p, TMED5, proliferation, invasion, wnt/β-catenin