J Cancer 2021; 12(2):553-561. doi:10.7150/jca.51959

Research Paper

Minimal Residual Disease and Survival Outcomes in Patients with Mantle Cell Lymphoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Yu Zhou, Haizhu Chen, Yunxia Tao, Qiaofeng Zhong, Yuankai Shi

Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Study on Anticancer Molecular Targeted Drugs, Beijing, 100021, China.

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Citation:
Zhou Y, Chen H, Tao Y, Zhong Q, Shi Y. Minimal Residual Disease and Survival Outcomes in Patients with Mantle Cell Lymphoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Cancer 2021; 12(2):553-561. doi:10.7150/jca.51959. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v12p0553.htm

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Abstract

Background: Minimal residual disease (MRD) has shown the prognostic value in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). To quantify the relationships between progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with MRD status in MCL, we conducted this meta-analysis.

Methods: We searched databases including Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library up to July 15th, 2020. Data of patients' characteristics, MRD assessment and survival outcomes were extracted and analyzed.

Results: Ten articles were included. For the impact of post-induction MRD status on survival outcomes, MRD positive status was associated with worse PFS (HR=1.44; 95%CI 1.27-1.62; P<0.00001) and OS (HR=1.30; 95%CI 1.03-1.64; P=0.03) compared with MRD negative status. Regarding the impact of post-consolidation MRD status on survival outcomes, MRD positivity predicted shorter PFS (HR=1.84; 95%CI 1.49-2.26; P<0.00001) and OS (HR=2.38; 95%CI 1.85-3.06; P<0.00001) than MRD negativity.

Conclusions: This study indicated that MRD positivity after induction and consolidation treatments was associated with worse PFS and OS for MCL. MRD-based treatment strategies should be further explored in clinical trials and real-world practice.

Keywords: minimal residual disease, mantle cell lymphoma, clinical outcome, prognosis, meta-analysis