J Cancer 2020; 11(14):4261-4273. doi:10.7150/jca.42285

Research Paper

Total saponins from Lilium lancifolium: a promising alternative to inhibit the growth of gastric carcinoma cells

Yin-Yu Zhang1*, Lin-Ming Luo1*, Yu-Xiang Wang1, Neng Zhu2, Tan-Jun Zhao1, Li Qin1✉

1. Division of Stem Cell Regulation and Application, School of Pharmacy, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China
2. The First Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China
* These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Zhang YY, Luo LM, Wang YX, Zhu N, Zhao TJ, Qin L. Total saponins from Lilium lancifolium: a promising alternative to inhibit the growth of gastric carcinoma cells. J Cancer 2020; 11(14):4261-4273. doi:10.7150/jca.42285. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p4261.htm

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Abstract

Bulbus Lilii, as a medicinal and edible plant, has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and immunopotentiating pharmacological activities, which seems to be therapeutic on cancer prevention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of total saponins from Lilium lancifolium (TSLL) on proliferation, apoptosis and migration of human gastric carcinoma cells lines SGC-7901 and HGC-27 and its underlying mechanism. The results showed that TSLL inhibited the proliferation of gastric carcinoma cells by suppressing the level of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and increased p21 level. TSLL induced cells apoptosis by up-regulating expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax and down-regulating anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 expression. Meanwhile, TSLL remarkably inhibited cell migration and invasion, decreased matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression and increased tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) expression. Notably, TSLL had stronger anti-cancer effect on undifferentiated HGC-27 cells than differentiated SGC-7901 cells. Accordingly, TSLL might be a promising candidate to prevent and suppress the growth of gastric carcinoma cells.

Keywords: Total saponins from Lilium lancifolium, proliferation, apoptosis, migration, Gastric Carcinoma Cells