J Cancer 2019; 10(25):6278-6285. doi:10.7150/jca.35072

Research Paper

RUFY3 Predicts Poor Prognosis and Promotes Metastasis through Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition in Lung Adenocarcinoma

Wanfu Men1, Wenya Li1, Yu Li1, Jungang Zhao2, Xiaohan Qu1, Peiwen Li1, Shulei Gong1✉

1. Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, P.R. China
2. Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shenjing Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, P.R. China

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Citation:
Men W, Li W, Li Y, Zhao J, Qu X, Li P, Gong S. RUFY3 Predicts Poor Prognosis and Promotes Metastasis through Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition in Lung Adenocarcinoma. J Cancer 2019; 10(25):6278-6285. doi:10.7150/jca.35072. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p6278.htm

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Abstract

Background: RUFY3 (RUN and FYVE domain-containing protein 3) has been shown to participate in cell migration, membrane transportation, and cellular signaling and is dysregulated in several cancer processes. However, the role of RUFY3 in lung cancer remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to study the expression of RUFY3 and assess its clinical significance in lung adenocarcinoma.

Materials and Methods: We used immunohistochemistry to detect RUFY3 protein expression in human lung adenocarcinoma and adjacent normal lung tissue from 125 patients who underwent surgical resection of the lung cancer. RUFY3 expression was assessed in association with clinicopathological characteristics and clinical prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients. The expression of RUFY3 in three different lung adenocarcinoma cell lines and one normal lung epithelial cell (BEAS-2B) was detected by western blot. RNAi technique was used to silence RUFY3. We assessed cell migration by Trans-well assay and wound healing assay.

Results: In lung adenocarcinoma tissues, RUFY3 protein was significantly upregulated compared to paired normal lung tissues. High cytoplasmic RUFY3 levels were associated with lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, and survival status. Patients with the highest expression level of RUFY3 had a shorter survival time than patients with the lowest expression. Inhibition of RUFY3 by siRNA inhibited cell migration. Furthermore, silence of RUFY3 lead to up-regulation of E-cadherin, but down-regulation of N-cadherin, Vimentin and Slug.

Conclusions: Our study is first to demonstrated that abnormal expression of RUFY3 indicates poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma and also indicates that RUFY3 may be related to EMT process. This highlights the potential of RUFY3 as a novel prognostic biomarker for lung adenocarcinoma.

Keywords: RUFY3 (RUN and FYVE domain-containing protein 3), lung adenocarcinoma, prognosis, EMT