J Cancer 2019; 10(16):3746-3756. doi:10.7150/jca.32052

Research Paper

Circulating lncRNA ABHD11-AS1 serves as a biomarker for early pancreatic cancer diagnosis

Yawen Liu1#, Wen Feng1,2#, Wenyu Liu3#, Xiangyu Kong4, Lei Li4, Junbo He1, Dawei Wang1, Meiting Zhang1, Gai Zhou1, Wei Xu1, Wei Chen1, Aihua Gong5✉, Min Xu1✉

1. Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China
2. Department of Gastroenterology, Songjiang Hospital Affiliated Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 201600, China
3. Department of General Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, China
4. Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, China
5. Department of Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China.
# These authors have contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Liu Y, Feng W, Liu W, Kong X, Li L, He J, Wang D, Zhang M, Zhou G, Xu W, Chen W, Gong A, Xu M. Circulating lncRNA ABHD11-AS1 serves as a biomarker for early pancreatic cancer diagnosis. J Cancer 2019; 10(16):3746-3756. doi:10.7150/jca.32052. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p3746.htm

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Abstract

Background: Recent studies have shown that circulating long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could be stably detectable in the blood of cancer patients and play important roles in the diagnosis of many different cancers. However, the value of lncRNAs in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (PC) has not been fully explored.

Methods: Eleven PC-related lncRNAs were selected by analyzing bioinformatics databases. The expression levels of the lncRNAs were further analyzed in a small set of plasma samples from a training group including 30 noncancer samples (15 healthy and 15 chronic pancreatitis (CP) subjects) and 15 PC samples. Then, the candidate lncRNAs were validated with data from 46 healthy controls, 97 CP patients and 114 PC patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were employed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the identified lncRNAs.

Results: After selection and validation, three characteristic plasma candidate lncRNAs, ABHD11-AS1, LINC00176 and SNHG11, were identified, and their levels were significantly higher in PC patients than in normal controls. We found that among the three candidate lncRNAs, ABHD11-AS1 showed the best diagnostic performance for the detection of PC. Furthermore, ABHD11-AS1 had a higher area under the ROC curve (AUC) than CEA, CA199 and CA125 for early PC diagnosis, while the combination of ABHD11-AS1 and CA199 was more effective than ABHD11-AS1 alone.

Conclusions: Plasma ABHD11-AS1 could serve as a potential biomarker for detecting PC, and the combination of ABHD11-AS1 and CA199 was more efficient for the diagnosis of PC than ABHD11-AS1 alone, particularly for early tumor screening.

Keywords: lncRNA, ABHD11-AS1, plasma, biomarker, diagnosis, early pancreatic cancer