J Cancer 2019; 10(11):2501-2509. doi:10.7150/jca.29285

Review

Role of Autophagy in Renal Cancer

Qi Cao1*✉, Peng Bai2*

1. Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China
2. Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China
*Contributed equally

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Citation:
Cao Q, Bai P. Role of Autophagy in Renal Cancer. J Cancer 2019; 10(11):2501-2509. doi:10.7150/jca.29285. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p2501.htm

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Abstract

Autophagy is a highly conserved catabolic process with critical functions in maintenance of cellular homeostasis under normal growth conditions and in preservation of cell viability under stress. The role of autophagy in cancer is dual-sided. Autophagy-deficient cells are often more tumorigenic than their wild type counterparts in association with DNA damage accumulation, oxidative stress. At the same time, autophagy is a major cell survival mechanism. In recent years, it has been well demonstrated that autophagy may have relation with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This review focuses on the research progress in relation between autophagy and RCC and the pharmacologic manipulation of autophagy for RCC treatment.

Keywords: autophagy, renal cell carcinoma, therapy