J Cancer 2021; 12(7):2010-2022. doi:10.7150/jca.52578

Research Paper

GPRC5A: An emerging prognostic biomarker for predicting malignancy of Pancreatic Cancer based on bioinformatics analysis

Xuetian Qian1, Chengfei Jiang2, Shanshan Shen2✉, Xiaoping Zou1,2✉

1. Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210008, People's Republic of China.
2. Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, People's Republic of China.

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Citation:
Qian X, Jiang C, Shen S, Zou X. GPRC5A: An emerging prognostic biomarker for predicting malignancy of Pancreatic Cancer based on bioinformatics analysis. J Cancer 2021; 12(7):2010-2022. doi:10.7150/jca.52578. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v12p2010.htm

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Abstract

Background: Pancreatic cancer (PaCa) is a highly lethal malignancy. The treatment options for PaCa lack efficacy. The study aimed to explore the molecular biomarkers for predicting survival of PaCa and identify the potential carcinogenic mechanisms of the selected gene.

Methods: Based on public databases of PaCa, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using Networkanalyst. Survival analyses were exerted on GEPIA. Oncomine and The Human Protein Atlas were used for verifying the expression on mRNA and protein levels. Enrichment analyses were generated on Metascape and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Univariate analyses were performed to determine the clinical factors associated with the expression of GPRC5A.

Results: GPRC5A was identified as the most valuable gene in predicting survival of PaCa patients. Patients with high expression of GPRC5A showed larger tumor size, higher TNM stages, higher tumor grade, and more positive resection margin. In mutant KRAS, TP53, CDKN2A and SMAD4 group, the expression of GPRC5A was higher than non-mutant group. Mechanistically, GPRC5A may promote metastasis of PaCa mainly via regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction.

Conclusion: GPRC5A may act as an oncogene in the progression of PaCa and could be a prognostic biomarker in predicting survival of PaCa.

Keywords: GPRC5A, pancreatic cancer, metastasis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction