J Cancer 2020; 11(16):4899-4906. doi:10.7150/jca.45548

Research Paper

Plasma Exosomal miRNA-139-3p is a Novel Biomarker of Colorectal Cancer

Wanchao Liu1*, Dianyu Yang2*, Longmei Chen1, Qingqing Liu1, Wenhui Wang1, Zhenghua Yang1, Anquan Shang2, Wenqiang Quan2✉, Dong Li2✉

1. Department of Clinical Laboratory, Baoshan District Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai, 201999, China.
2. Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shanghai Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200065, China.
*These authors contributed equally as first authors.

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Citation:
Liu W, Yang D, Chen L, Liu Q, Wang W, Yang Z, Shang A, Quan W, Li D. Plasma Exosomal miRNA-139-3p is a Novel Biomarker of Colorectal Cancer. J Cancer 2020; 11(16):4899-4906. doi:10.7150/jca.45548. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p4899.htm

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Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated plasma exosomal miRNA-139-3p as a blood-based biomarker for the early diagnosis and metastasis monitoring of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Patients and Methods: Exosome-rich fractions were isolated from the plasma of 80 CRC patients, and 23 controls using a kit method. We then used real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to detect miR-139-3p levels in all subjects to evaluate expression levels and the predictive value of plasma exosomal miR-139-3p in CRC. We also collected clinicopathological data to explore correlations between abnormal miR-139-3p expression and clinicopathological parameters.

Results: When compared with healthy controls, exosomal miR-139-3p expression levels in CRC patients were significantly down-regulated. Furthermore, these expression levels were lower in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and submucosal patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that exosomal miR-139-3p levels were differentiated between CRC patients and healthy controls, as well as between non-metastatic and metastatic patients.

Conclusion: Our findings show that decreased exosomal miR-139-3p expression levels in CRC patient plasma may act as a novel biomarker for the early diagnosis and metastasis monitoring in CRC.

Keywords: Exosomes, miR-139-3p, colorectal cancer, metastasis