J Cancer 2020; 11(15):4581-4588. doi:10.7150/jca.44766

Research Paper

Prognostic significance of Spinster homolog gene family in acute myeloid leukemia

Wenhui Huang1,2,3#, Tingting Qian1,2,3#, Zhiheng Cheng4, Tiansheng Zeng1,2,3, Chaozeng Si5, Chaojun Liu6, Cong Deng7, Xu Ye1, Yan Liu8✉, Longzhen Cui8,9✉, Lin Fu1,2,3,8,9✉

1. Department of Hematology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510260, China
2. Translational Medicine Center, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510260, China
3. Guangdong Provincial Education Department Key Laboratory of Nano-Immunoregulation Tumor Microenvironment, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510260, China
4. Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
5. Information Center, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, China.
6. Yinfeng Gene Technology Co., Ltd.; No.1109, Gangxing 3 Rd,New and High-tech Zone, Jinan City, Shandong Province, 250102, China
7. Department of Clinical laboratory, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510260, China
8. Translational Medicine Center, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, 475000, China.
9. Department of Hematology, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, 475000, China
#These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Huang W, Qian T, Cheng Z, Zeng T, Si C, Liu C, Deng C, Ye X, Liu Y, Cui L, Fu L. Prognostic significance of Spinster homolog gene family in acute myeloid leukemia. J Cancer 2020; 11(15):4581-4588. doi:10.7150/jca.44766. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p4581.htm

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Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clonal and heterogeneous disease characterized by proliferation of immature myeloid cells, with impaired differentiation and maturation. Spinster homolog (SPNS) is a widely distributed transmembrane transporter, which assists sphingolipids in playing their roles through the cell membrane. However, the expression and clinical implication of the SPNS family has not been investigated in AML. From the Cancer Genome Atlas database, a total of 155 AML patients with complete clinical characteristics and SPNS1-3 expression data were contained in our study. In patients who received chemotherapy only, high expressions of SPNS2 and SPNS3 had adverse effects on event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) (all P<0.05). However, in the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) group, we only found a significant difference in OS between the high and low SPNS3 expression groups (P=0.001), while other SPNS members showed no effect on survival. Multivariate analysis indicated that high SPNS2 expression was an independent risk factor for both EFS and OS in chemotherapy patients. The results confirmed that high expression of SPNS2 and SPNS3 were poor prognostic factors, and the effect of SPNS2 can be neutralized by allo-HSCT.

Keywords: Acute myeloid leukemia, Prognosis, SPNS1, SPNS2, SPNS3