J Cancer 2019; 10(24):5992-6002. doi:10.7150/jca.35113

Research Paper

The Value of LncRNA BCAR4 as a Prognostic Biomarker on Clinical Outcomes in Human Cancers

Chao Tu1,2,4*, Xiaolei Ren1,2*, Jieyu He3, Chenghao Zhang1,2, Ruiqi Chen1,2, Wanchun Wang1,2, Zhihong Li1,2✉

1. Department of Orthopedics, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China.
2. Hunan Key Laboratory of Tumor Models and Individualized Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China.
3. Department of Geriatrics, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China.
4. University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
*These authors contributed equally.

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Citation:
Tu C, Ren X, He J, Zhang C, Chen R, Wang W, Li Z. The Value of LncRNA BCAR4 as a Prognostic Biomarker on Clinical Outcomes in Human Cancers. J Cancer 2019; 10(24):5992-6002. doi:10.7150/jca.35113. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p5992.htm

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Abstract

Background: This updated meta-analysis aimed to analyze available data to explore the prognostic value of long noncoding RNA breast cancer anti-estrogen resistance 4 (BCAR4) in various human malignancies. Methods: Literature retrieval was performed by systematic searching several authoritative databases, including Pubmed, PMC database, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and CNKI database up to Feb 10, 2019. Data were extracted and subsequently crosschecked, and discrepancies were discussed to reach consensus. Quality of the eligible studies was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). The fixed- or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled the hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Publication bias was detected by using Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test. Results: A total 1,128 cancer patients from thirteen studies were included and pooled in the present meta-analysis. High expression levels of BCAR4 were correlated with unfavorable overall survival (OS) (HR=2.23, 95% CI: 1.84-2.71), but not progression-free survival (PFS) (HR=1.30, 95% CI: 0.80-2.11). Subgroup stratified analysis showed that tumor type, sample size, follow-up months, and survival analysis method did not alter the predictive value of BCAR4 on OS in various cancers. Furthermore, elevated BCAR4 level was markedly correlated with advanced clinical stage (III/IV) (OR=3.28, 95% CI: 2.33-4.60), and dramatically predicted lymph node metastasis (OR=3.00, 95% CI: 1.95-4.63, P<0.00001) and distant metastasis (OR=3.36, 95% CI: 1.88-5.98, P<0.0001), but not associated with age, gender or tumor size. No obvious heterogeneity was noted for correlation between BCAR4 expression and OS across these studies. Conclusions: High expression of BCAR4 was correlated with unfavorable overall survival outcome and clinical features including metastasis and progression, implicating an independent prognostic value for BCAR4 in human cancers.

Keywords: LncRNA, BCAR4, cancer, sarcoma, prognosis, metastasis