1. Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China
2. Department of Gastric Surgery, The 6th Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
# These authors contributed equally to this study.
*These authors contributed equally to this study.
Background: The prognostic value of the nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) scale in metastatic gastric cancer remains unclear. We aimed to explore the role of NRS 2002 in metastatic gastric cancer.
Methods: In this study, 1664 metastatic gastric cancer patients at our institution between 2000 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The characteristics and clinical outcomes of the included patients were analyzed.
Results: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that the regrouping NRS 2002 scale (≤ 3 vs. > 3) provided a similar risk stratification predicting 2-year overall survival (OS) (area under the curves [AUCs]: 0.563 vs. 0.564, P > 0.05) but a better stratification predicting the risk of complications of palliative surgery (AUCs: 0.563 vs. 0.522, P = 0.050) than the original NRS 2002 scale (< 3 vs. ≥ 3). Patients with NRS 2002 > 3 tended to have higher postoperative morbidity (13.3% vs. 8.5%, P = 0.027) and mortality (5.3% vs. 2.0%, P = 0.013) and shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (median PFS: 6.70 vs. 7.70 months, P = 0.002) and overall survival (OS) (median OS: 9.03 vs. 12.63 months, P < 0.001) than those with NRS 2002 ≤ 3. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that the regrouping NRS 2002 scale was the independent prognostic factor for PFS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.16, P = 0.028) and OS (HR: 1.29, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The present study indicated that the NRS 2002 scale (regrouping scale) was an independent prognostic factor to predict the morbidity, mortality and survival outcomes for metastatic gastric cancer.
Keywords: nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002), gastric cancer, survival, prognosis