1. Department of Pharmacy, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, P.R. China
2. Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Central South University, Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics, Changsha, P.R. China.
Objectives: Platinum-based chemotherapy is first-line treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The efficacy is limited by drug resistance. Recent studies suggest that ATP7B, a copper efflux transporter, may be involved in platinum resistance. However, the clinical significance of ATP7B expression in NSCLC is controversial. Moreover, the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ATP7B gene on the response to platinum-based chemotherapy are scarcely understood. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical value of ATP7B in NSCLC patients and explore the interrelationships between ATP7B SNPs and protein expression, and their association with chemotherapy response.
Materials and Methods: A total of 247 NSCLC patients were recruited in this study. Among them, 158 patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy were used to explore the interrelationships between ATP7B SNPs, protein expression and chemotherapy response, while 89 patients who underwent surgical resection were used to further investigate the association between ATP7B SNPs and expression level. We genotyped 15 SNPs of ATP7B by Sequenom MassARRAY and determined ATP7B protein levels by immunohistochemistry.
Results: Patients with ATP7B-negative tumors had improved chemotherapeutic response (p=0.025) and better overall survival (p=0.044) compared with the patients with ATP7B-positive tumors. The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that ATP7B expression was an independent prognostic factor (HR=0.639, 95%CI=0.424-0.962, p=0.032). Moreover, we found that the rs9526814 GG genotype was significantly associated with favorable response to platinum-based chemotherapy when compared with TT+TG genotypes (OR=0.362, 95CI%=0.140-0.935, p=0.036). Mechanistically, rs9526814 GG genotype showed a strong trend towards reduced expression level of ATP7B compared with the TT+TG genotypes (p= 0.048).
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that ATP7B rs9526814 may contribute to platinum resistance by influencing ATP7B gene expression and can be used as a potential biomarker to predict the sensitivity of platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.
Keywords: NSCLC, platinum resistance, ATP7B, treatment outcome, SNP