J Cancer 2017; 8(19):4083-4086. doi:10.7150/jca.22025
Short Research Communication
A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in HPGD Gene Is Associated with Prostate Cancer Risk
Department of Urology, the First Affiliate Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
* These authors contributed equally to this study.
Qi X, Wang Y, Hou J, Huang Y. A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in HPGD Gene Is Associated with Prostate Cancer Risk. J Cancer 2017; 8(19):4083-4086. doi:10.7150/jca.22025. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p4083.htm
Introduction: The HPGD gene was associated with some cancers, such as colorectal, breast, prostate, and bladder. However, detailed role of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) gene remain unclear in prostate cancer. The study was to investigate the correlation between rs8752 that located in the 3'untranslated region (UTR) of the 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) gene and prostate cancer (PCa) risk.
Materials and Methods: 109 patients from the First Affiliate Hospital of Soochow University were recruited. According to the results of pathologic diagnosis, all patients were divided into two groups (prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia). The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs8752 was genotyped in all samples by direct sequencing.
Results: 54 prostate cancer and 55 BPH patients were included with a median age of 70.41 and 67.62 years, respectively. No statistically significant difference between two groups in patient criteria. The frequency of the GG homozygote and AG+GG genotype were 37.74% and 62.26% in 54 prostate cancer samples, while in 55BPH patients, values were 62.50% and 37.50%. Compared with the GG genotype, the combined GA+AA genotypes had a significantly higher risk of prostate cancer (OR = 2.750; 95% CI: 1.266-5.971, p = 0.011). Furthermore, the risk effect was obtained in subgroups of PCa patient group, the AA+AG genotypes significantly associated with the higher Gleason score samples (AA+AG vs GG: OR = 3.50, 95%CI = 1.106-11.072, p = 0.033) and the risk of pathological stage (AA+AG vs GG: OR = 4.00, 95%CI = 1.253-12.767, p = 0.019).
Conclusions: rs8752 in the 3'untranslated region (UTR) of the 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) gene was found to be responsible for the susceptibility to prostate cancer in Chinese individuals.
Keywords: prostate cancer, HPGD gene, single-nucleotide polymorphism, genetic susceptibility, testosterone.