1. Georgetown University Medical Center, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Washington, DC, 20007, USA;
2. Proteomics and Metabolomics Shared Resource, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Retinoic Acid Receptor Responder (RARRES1) initially identified as a novel retinoic acid receptor regulated gene in the skin is a putative tumor suppressor of unknown function. RARRES1 was knocked down in immortalized human prostatic epithelial cell line PWR-1E cells and differential protein expression was identified using differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE) followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry and western Blot analysis excluding highly abundant proteins routinely identified in almost all proteomics projects. Knock-down of RARRES1: 1- down-regulates PP2A, an enzyme involved in the negative regulation of the growth hormone-stimulated signal transduction pathways; 2- down-regulates Valosin-containing protein causing impaired autophagy; 3- up-regulates the tumor suppressor disks large 2; 4- up-regulates Ankrd26 that belongs to the POTE family of genes that are highly expressed in cancer patients with poor outcome; and 5- down-regulates EB1, a protein that is involved in spindle dynamics and chromosome alignment during mitosis.
Keywords: Retinoic Acid Receptor Responder, RARRES1, tumor suppressor