J Cancer 2020; 11(23):6823-6833. doi:10.7150/jca.49042

Research Paper

Genetic alteration and clinical significance of SUMOylation regulators in multiple cancer types

Guangzhen Wu1#, Yingkun Xu2#, Ningke Ruan3, Jianyi Li2, Qingyang Lv4, Qi Zhang2,5, Yougen Chen2,5, Qifei Wang1✉, Qinghua Xia2,5✉, Quanlin Li1✉

1. Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, 116011, China.
2. Department of Urology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China.
3. The Nursing College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, China.
4. Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430022, China.
5. Department of Urology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China.
#Co-first authors with equal contributions to this study.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
Wu G, Xu Y, Ruan N, Li J, Lv Q, Zhang Q, Chen Y, Wang Q, Xia Q, Li Q. Genetic alteration and clinical significance of SUMOylation regulators in multiple cancer types. J Cancer 2020; 11(23):6823-6833. doi:10.7150/jca.49042. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p6823.htm

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the genetic variation, gene expression differences, and clinical significance of SUMOylation regulators in pan-cancers. Based on previous studies, we gained a better understanding of the biological process of SUMOylation and the status of current research. In the present study, we employed a wide range of bioinformatics methods. We used genetic variation and mRNA expression data in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to construct a panoramic view of the single nucleotide variants, copy number variants, and gene expression changes in SUMOylation regulators in various tumors. Subsequently, we used the String website and the Cytoscape tool to construct the PPI network between these regulators. We used the GSCALite website to determine the relationship between these regulators and cancer pathways and drug sensitivity. We constructed images of co-expression between these regulators using the R programming language. Using clinical data from TCGA, we performed hazard ratio analysis for these regulators in pan-cancer. Most importantly, we used these regulators to successfully establish risk signatures related to patient prognosis in multiple tumors. Finally, in KIRC, we conducted gene-set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of the five molecules in its risk signatures. We found that these five molecules are involved in multiple cancer pathways. In short, we have comprehensively interpreted the detailed biological process of SUMOylation at the genetic level for the first time, successfully constructed multiple risk signatures, and conducted GSEA in KIRC. We believe that these findings provide credible and valuable information that is relevant for future clinical diagnoses and scientific research.

Keywords: SUMOylation, pan-cancer, TCGA, risk signature, overall survival