J Cancer 2020; 11(11):3327-3333. doi:10.7150/jca.41996
Early Adverse Events predict Survival Outcomes in HER2-positive Advanced Breast Cancer Patients treated with Lapatinib plus Capecitabine
College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Bedford Park, Adelaide, Australia
Ang FLI, Rowland A, Modi ND, McKinnon RA, Sorich MJ, Hopkins AM. Early Adverse Events predict Survival Outcomes in HER2-positive Advanced Breast Cancer Patients treated with Lapatinib plus Capecitabine. J Cancer 2020; 11(11):3327-3333. doi:10.7150/jca.41996. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p3327.htm
Background: This study aimed to investigate the impact of early adverse events (AE) following the initiation of lapatinib plus capecitabine on the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients.
Methods: A secondary analysis of participants treated with lapatinib plus capecitabine, or ado-trastuzumab emtansine in the clinical trial EMILIA was conducted. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to assess the impact of AE occurring within the first 42 days of lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy on the PFS and OS outcomes of ABC patients.
Results: The study included 488 HER2-positive (ABC) patients initiated on lapatinib plus capecitabine. Rash (Hazard Ratio (HR) [95% Confidence Interval (CI)]: Grade 1 = 0.67 [0.46-0.98], Grade 2+ = 0.71 [0.42-1.19]; p = 0.046) and hand-foot syndrome (HR [95% CI]: Grade 1 = 0.58 [0.43-0.80], Grade 2+ = 0.61 [0.43-0.86]; p = <0.001) occurring within the first 42 days of lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy were significantly associated with improved OS. Conversely, nausea and vomiting occurring within the first 42 days of lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy was significantly associated with worsened OS (HR [95% CI]: Grade 1 = 1.08 [0.82-1.42], Grade 2+ = 1.52 [1.13-2.03]; p = 0.027).
Conclusions: Rash and hand-foot syndrome occurring early after the initiation of on lapatinib plus capecitabine were significantly associated with improved OS, while early nausea and vomiting was associated with worse OS. In HER2-positive ABC patients initiating lapatinib plus capecitabine, consideration should be given to more closely monitoring patients at risk of nausea and vomiting, while rash and hand foot syndrome are AE associated with improved survival.
Keywords: adverse events, breast neoplasms, capecitabine, hand-foot syndrome, lapatinib, survival analysis