J Cancer 2020; 11(1):51-56. doi:10.7150/jca.31196

Research Paper

CEA as a risk factor in predicting ocular metastasis from colorectal cancer

You-Lan Min*, Ying-Xin Gong*, Pei-Wen Zhu, Qi Lin, Biao Li, Wen-Qing Shi, Qing Yuan, Yi Shao

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi Province Ocular Disease Clinical Research Center, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, People's Republic of China
*These authors have contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Min YL, Gong YX, Zhu PW, Lin Q, Li B, Shi WQ, Yuan Q, Shao Y. CEA as a risk factor in predicting ocular metastasis from colorectal cancer. J Cancer 2020; 11(1):51-56. doi:10.7150/jca.31196. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v11p0051.htm

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Abstract

Objective: Colorectal, closely following pulmonary and breast, is the third predilection site of cancer that lead to death all over the world. Ocular metastasis (OM) of colorectal cancer (CRC) is becoming increasingly common and presents a poor prognosis. In this study, we detected some recognized tumor biomarkers and tried to differentiate the discrepancy between CRC patients with and without OM in order to clarify the risk factor for OM in patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: 1735 patients with colorectal cancer in total from August 2005 to August 2017 were involved in this study. Nonparametric rank sum test and Chi-square test were applied to prescribe whether there were significant differences between OM group and non-ocular metastasis (NOM) group. And binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factor. Then, we used receiver operating curve (ROC) to assess the diagnostic value of OM in CRC patients. Results: The incidence of OM in CRC patients was 1.12%. No significant differences were found in gender, age, histopathological type, tumor classification and tumor differentiation between OM group and NOM group. Nonparametric rank sum test approved that OM group had higher serum CEA level compared with NOM group. Binary logistic regression indicated that CEA was a risk factor for OM in colorectal cancer patients (p<0.001). ROC curve showed that AUC of CEA was 0.877. The cutoff value of CEA was 12.45 ng/ml, whose sensitivity is 1.000 and its specificity is 0.877. Conclusion: Based on our study, CEA was a risk factor of ocular metastasis in colorectal cancer patients.

Keywords: carcinoma embryonic antigen, ocular metastasis, colorectal cancer, independent risk factor