J Cancer 2021; 12(6):1623-1633. doi:10.7150/jca.49144 This issue
1. Department of Geriatrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, China.
2. Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, China.
3. Department of Endocrine and Metabolism, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, China.
4. Department of Endocrine and Metabolism, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, China.
Objective: To explore the effect of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) on papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).
Methods: COMP expression levels in PTC tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues were measured using tissue microarrays. Human PTC cells were cultured and transduced with lentiviral short hairpin RNA against COMP (COMP-shRNA), a negative control (NC) shRNA, or mock transfected (Control). We used the Cell Counting Kit-8, performed colony formation assays, wound healing assays, Transwell invasion assays, flow cytometry, and measured the expression of apoptosis-related proteins at the mRNA and protein levels to explore the effects of COMP on the biological behavior of PTC cells and to discover the specific signaling pathway involved in these processes.
Results: COMP expression was significantly higher in PTC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. At the cellular level, COMP promoted cell migration, increased the invasiveness of PTC cells, and inhibited apoptosis. However, differences in cell proliferation were only observed within 72 hours. At the same time, colony formation assays showed that silencing COMP inhibited the proliferation of PTC cells. We also found that COMP regulated the behavior of PTC cells by activating the PI3K/AKT/Bcl-2 pathway.
Conclusions: COMP is upregulated in PTC, which enhances cancer cell invasion and inhibits apoptosis, contributing to the development and progression of PTC. Thus, COMP may serve as a new biomarker for PTC.
Keywords: cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, papillary thyroid carcinoma, proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, signal pathway