1. Department of Oncology, Shaanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Xi'an, China
2. Department of Hand & Foot Microsurgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Yanan University, Yulin, China
3. The First Department of Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, China
4. Department of Joint Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common malignant bone tumors. Many previous studies have indicated that OS is a complex disease and that its development may be affected by multiple genetic factors, which may contribute to its carcinogenesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of IL-33 with susceptibility and prognosis of OS in Han Chinese individuals. A total of 1,605 study subjects including 507 OS patients and 1,098 controls were recruited. Eighteen SNPs mapped to IL-33 were selected for genotyping. Genetic associations between selected SNPs and OS disease status were evaluated. Survival analyses, including Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox model fitting for significant SNPs, were performed. The functional consequences of significant SNPs were analyzed using a publicly available database. SNP rs1048274 was identified to be significantly associated with OS disease status (OR=0.75, P=1.53×10-4). Compared to the GA and GG groups, OS patients with the AA genotype of rs1048274 had better survival rate. The hazard ratio of SNP rs1048274 (AA group compared to GG+GA group) was 0.35 (95% confidence interval of 0.25-0.5) following adjustment for several clinical variables. In conclusion, our results suggested that IL-33 may play a key role in the etiology of OS, indicating IL-33 as a potential genetic risk factor of the development and prognosis of OS.
Keywords: Osteosarcoma susceptibility, IL-33, Common variants, Prognosis, Case-control studies