Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, 200233, China
* Authors share co-first authorship.
Objectives: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in adolescents; however, the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of osteosarcoma remain to be elucidated. Researchers have provided valuable insights into the tumorigenesis of Ribosomal protein S9 (RPS9) in some cancers. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the expression, functions, and mechanisms of RPS9 in human osteosarcoma. Methods: The expression of RPS9 in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines was evaluated by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Knockdown of RPS9 induced by RNA interference (RNAi) method in three osteosarcoma cell lines (MNNG/HOS, MG63, and U2OS) was employed to analyze the effects of RPS9 on cell proliferation and cell cycle distribution. The host signaling pathways affected by RPS9 were detected using the intracellular signaling antibody array kit PathScan®. Results: The expression of RPS9 was found to be up-regulated in human osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. Its expression was positively correlated with Enneking stage and the tumor recurrence. Down-regulation of RPS9 inhibited osteosarcoma cell proliferation, colony-forming ability, and cell cycle G1 phase in vitro. In addition, our data demonstrated that knockdown of RPS9 repressed the protein levels of phospho-SAPK/JNK and phospho-p38. Conclusion: RPS9 is up-regulated and has a pro-tumor effect in osteosarcoma through the activation of MAPK signaling pathway and thus can be used as a potential target for gene therapy.
Keywords: RPS9, MAPK signaling pathway, proliferation, osteosarcoma.