J Cancer 2016; 7(5):532-537. doi:10.7150/jca.12963
Assessing the Key Attributes of Low Utilization of Mammography Screening and Breast-self Exam among African-American Women
Center for Computational Epidemiology, Bioinformatics and Risk Analysis (CCEBRA), College of Veterinary Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health (CVMNAH), Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA.
Chowdhury R, David N, Bogale A, Nandy S, Habtemariam T, Tameru B. Assessing the Key Attributes of Low Utilization of Mammography Screening and Breast-self Exam among African-American Women. J Cancer 2016; 7(5):532-537. doi:10.7150/jca.12963. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v07p0532.htm
PURPOSE: African-American (AA) women living in four Black Belt Counties (BBC) of Alabama; consisting of Barbour, Macon, Green and Wilcox are known to have lower mammogram utilization and breast self-exam rates when compared to their white female counterparts. The influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors on these disparities has not been clearly defined so far. Our study was designed to determine whether these observed disparities can be predicted with the socioeconomic and other demographic attributes. METHODS: Health Disparity Questionnaires data (n = 516) for BBC of Alabama was analyzed using a logistic regression model to examine the association of breast cancer screening rates and breast self-exam with income, the level of education, family doctor, type of health insurance, obesity, and age. RESULTS: Income, education, family doctor, age and health insurance were independent predictors for the low utilization rate of mammography and breast self-exam (BSE). CONCLUSION: Improving socioeconomic conditions such as level of education and availability of health care are essential to increase the rates of breast cancer screening test and breast self-exam in the BBC of Alabama.
Keywords: African-American (AA) women, breast cancer screening