J Cancer 2018; 9(4):629-637. doi:10.7150/jca.23280

Research Paper

Interventional radiofrequency ablation: A promising therapeutic modality in the management of malignant biliary and pancreatic duct obstruction

M Mizandari1✉, J Kumar3, M Pai3, T Chikovani2, T Azrumelashvili1, I Reccia3, N Habib3

1. Department of Radiology, Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU), Tbilisi, Georgia
2. Department of Immunology, Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU), Tbilisi, Georgia
3. Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Abstract

Background: Malignant biliary and/or pancreatic obstruction has often encountered in the advanced stages of periampullary and cholangicarcinomas. HabibTM Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been successfully used in the management of various cancers of liver and pancreas. Percutaneous HPB probe (EMcision Ltd, London, UK) is a new addition to this class of tools. It is an endoluminal Radiofrequency (RF) catheter which works on the principle of ablation and induces coagulative necrosis to recanalize the obstructed duct. The aim of this study is to address the technical details of canalization, feasibilities and outcomes of percutaneous endo-luminal Radiofrequency (RF) catheter in patients with unresectable malignancy with obstructed bile and pancreatic duct (PD).

Material and Method: A total of 134 patients with inoperable malignant obstruction of biliary and PD underwent RF based percutaneous endoluminal RF ablation in a tertiary referral centre between December 15th, 2010 to August 7th, 2015. This device was used in a sequential manner with an intent to recanalize the obstructed. Following the initial catheter drainage of the duct, subsequent percutaneous endobiliary RF ablation, the metallic stent was placed to recanalize the obstructed bile and PD secondary to unresectable malignancy under real-time fluoroscopic guidance.

Results: The percutaneous RF based ablation of obstructed bile duct and PD with metallic stent placement was successfully achieved in 130 (97.01%) cases. The three failures were noted in cases of biliary obstruction whilst, one with PD obstruction. The patency restored in 124 and patients, where the procedure was successfully completed and revealed clinical improvement reported.

Conclusion: The percutaneous endoluminal RF based ablation of obstructed duct with metallic stent placement appeared to be a safe, effective procedure and may improve survival in patients with advanced stage cancer presenting with biliary and PD obstruction. Considering the above mentioned evidence, this modality may stand ahead of stenting alone. This could be considered as viable modality in management of such patients where very limited treatment options are available.

Keywords: radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous, biliary obstruction, pancreatic duct obstruction, cholangiocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma

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How to cite this article:
Mizandari M, Kumar J, Pai M, Chikovani T, Azrumelashvili T, Reccia I, Habib N. Interventional radiofrequency ablation: A promising therapeutic modality in the management of malignant biliary and pancreatic duct obstruction. J Cancer 2018; 9(4):629-637. doi:10.7150/jca.23280. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v09p0629.htm