J Cancer 2017; 8(15):3001-3013. doi:10.7150/jca.21059

Research Paper

The Targeted Antitumor Effects of C- PC/CMC-CD59sp Nanoparticles on HeLa Cells in Vitro and in Vivo

Yujuan Wang1✉, Liangqian Jiang1, Qifeng Yin1, Huihui Liu1, Guoxiang Liu1, Guoteng Zhu2, Bing Li1✉

1. Department of genetics and cell biology, Basic medical college, 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China, 266071.
2. Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China, 266000.

Abstract

The novel C-PC/CMC-CD59sp-NPs were made by carbocymethyl chitosan (CMC) loading C-phycocyanin (C-PC) with the lead of CD59 specific ligand peptide (CD59sp) for targeting, and the characteristics and targeted anti-tumor mechanism were explored in order to realize the targeted therapy of C-PC on the growth of HeLa cells both in vitro and vivo. The targeting nanoparticles were synthesized by ionic-gelation method, and the optimal condition was selected out by orthogonal analysis. The properties of nanoparticles were observed by laser particle analyzer and dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR). The effects of nanoparticles on the proliferation of HeLa cells in vitro were assessed by MTT assay. The mice model with tumor was constructed by subcutaneous injection of HeLa cells into the left axilla of NU/NU mice. The weight of tumor and the spleen were tested. The expression quantities of cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2 were determined by western blot and immunofluorescent staining. Results showed the morphology of the finally prepared nanoparticles was well distributed with a diameter distribution of 200±11.3 nm and zeta potential of -19.5±4.12mV. Under the guidance of CD59sp, the targeting nanoparticles could targetedly and efficiently arrive at the surface of HeLa cells, and had obvious inhibitory effect on HeLa cells proliferation both in vitro and vivo. Moreover, the nanoparticles could induce cell apoptosis by up-regulation of cleaved caspase-3 proteins expression, but down-regulation of Bcl-2 and cyclinD1 proteins. Our study provided a new idea for the research and development of marine drugs, and supplied a theoretical support for the target therapy of anticancer drug.

Keywords: C-phycocyanin, targeting nanoparticles, carboxymethyl chitosan, CD59- specific ligand peptide, HeLa cells

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How to cite this article:
Wang Y, Jiang L, Yin Q, Liu H, Liu G, Zhu G, Li B. The Targeted Antitumor Effects of C- PC/CMC-CD59sp Nanoparticles on HeLa Cells in Vitro and in Vivo. J Cancer 2017; 8(15):3001-3013. doi:10.7150/jca.21059. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p3001.htm