J Cancer 2017; 8(15):2992-3000. doi:10.7150/jca.21038

Research Paper

Overexpression of LAMC1 predicts poor prognosis and enhances tumor cell invasion and migration in hepatocellular carcinoma

Yaojun Zhang1,2*, Shaoyan Xi 2, 3*, Jinbin Chen1, 2, Dongsheng Zhou4, Hengjun Gao5, Zhongguo Zhou1, 2, Li Xu1, 2, Minshan Chen1, 2✉

1. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou 510060, China
2. Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China
3. Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou 510060, China
4. Department of Surgery, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong Province, Jinan, 250014, China
5. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong Province, Jinan, 250000, China
* These two authors contribute to this work equally

Abstract

LAMC1 encodes an extracellular matrix protein, laminin γ1 chain, which is involved in several biological and pathological processes including tissue development, tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In present study, we demonstrated that both LAMC1 protein and mRNA levels were elevated in HCC tissue samples compared with non-cancerous tissue samples according to western blot analyses, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and microarray. Moreover, high LAMC1 expression was positively correlated with incomplete encapsulation (p=0.014), poor overall (OS, p=0.02) and disease-free survival (DFS, p=0.014). Using cell lines, we demonstrated that the levels of LAMC1 mRNA and protein were significantly higher in HCC cell lines than that in LO2 cell line. After the expression of LAMC1 was depressed by siRNA technique, the cell proliferation, migration and invasion were depressed significantly. Taken together, these data suggest that LAMC1 is enriched in HCC; overexpression of LAMC1 predicts poor prognosis, and enhances tumor cell invasion and migration. LAMC1 might be a new biomarker predictive of HCC prognosis and might also be a useful treatment target.

Keywords: LAMC1, hepatocellular carcinoma, prognosis, invasion, metastasis

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How to cite this article:
Zhang Y, Xi S, Chen J, Zhou D, Gao H, Zhou Z, Xu L, Chen M. Overexpression of LAMC1 predicts poor prognosis and enhances tumor cell invasion and migration in hepatocellular carcinoma. J Cancer 2017; 8(15):2992-3000. doi:10.7150/jca.21038. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p2992.htm