J Cancer 2017; 8(9):1619-1628. doi:10.7150/jca.18778

Review

The Emerging Roles of Forkhead Box (FOX) Proteins in Osteosarcoma

Wentao Zhang1*, Ning Duan1*, Tao Song1, Zhong Li1, Caiguo Zhang2✉, Xun Chen1✉

1. Department of Orthopaedics, Xi'an Hong-Hui Hospital affiliated to medical college of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, 710054;
2. Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.
* These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is the most common bone cancer primarily occurring in children and young adults. Over the past few years, the deregulation of a superfamily transcription factors, known as forkhead box (FOX) proteins, has been demonstrated to contribute to the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. Molecular mechanism studies have demonstrated that FOX family proteins participate in a variety of signaling pathways and that their expression can be regulated by multiple factors. The dysfunction of FOX genes can alter osteosarcoma cell differentiation, metastasis and progression. In this review, we summarized the evidence that FOX genes play direct or indirect roles in the development and progression of osteosarcoma, and evaluated the emerging role of FOX proteins as targets for therapeutic intervention.

Keywords: forkhead box protein, oncogene, tumor suppressor, osteosarcoma, therapy.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Zhang W, Duan N, Song T, Li Z, Zhang C, Chen X. The Emerging Roles of Forkhead Box (FOX) Proteins in Osteosarcoma. J Cancer 2017; 8(9):1619-1628. doi:10.7150/jca.18778. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p1619.htm