J Cancer 2018; 9(15):2659-2665. doi:10.7150/jca.25201

Research Paper

Exosomal ephrinA2 derived from serum as a potential biomarker for prostate cancer

Shibao Li1,2,*, Yao Zhao1,*, Wenbai Chen3,*, Lingyu Yin1, Jie Zhu1, Haoliang Zhang1, Chenchen Cai1, Pengpeng Li2, Lingyan Huang1, Ping Ma1,2✉

1. Medical Technology Institute of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, China.
2. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, China.
3. Department of Nuclear Medicine Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, China.
* These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Up-regulation of serum ephrinA2 is common in various malignancies and has been suggested as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of prostate cancer (PCa). However, the type of serum ephrinA2 expressed in PCa patients remains elusive. Furthermore, the level of exosomal ephrinA2 derived from serum is increased in patients with osteoporosis, a common complication of PCa patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy. It is unknown whether exosomes derived from PCa patient serum contains ephrinA2. In this study, we explored the ephrinA2 expression in whole serum and tissues and identified the circulating exosomal ephrinA2 as a potential biomarker for PCa. Exosomes were isolated from patient sera by differential centrifugation and the presence of ephrinA2 was confirmed via electron microscopy and western blotting. The type of ephrinA2 in serum was evaluated by western blotting. The expression of serum ephrinA2 including secreted and cleaved ephrinA2 and exosomal ephrinA2 were detected by ELISA and western blotting. Compared with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and controls, the levels of whole serum ephrinA2 and exosomal ephrinA2 were significantly higher in PCa patients. Moreover, exosomal ephrinA2 expression was positively correlated with TNM staging and Gleason score of PCa patients. The diagnostic efficiency of exosomal ephrinA2 was superior to that of whole serum ephrinA2 and serum PSA in distinguishing PCa patients from those from BPH patents. Our study indicates that exosomal ephrinA2 has high potential as a biomarker for the presence of PCa and offers a new therapeutic target for this disease.

Keywords: EphrinA2, Prostate cancer, Exosomal ephrinA2, Gleason score, TNM staging.

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How to cite this article:
Li S, Zhao Y, Chen W, Yin L, Zhu J, Zhang H, Cai C, Li P, Huang L, Ma P. Exosomal ephrinA2 derived from serum as a potential biomarker for prostate cancer. J Cancer 2018; 9(15):2659-2665. doi:10.7150/jca.25201. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v09p2659.htm